SWINE (Sus scrofa)
Body temperature = varies by breed: 37-39oC (98.6-102.2oF)
Heart rate = varies by breed: 58-105/min
Respiratory rate = varies by breed: 10-25/min
Tidal volume = varies by breed
- Swine have a tendency to develop fatal arrhythmias during manipulation of the heart or pulmonary bronchus. Use Lidocaine infusion 0.3 mg/kg/hr or Bretyllium 3-5 mg/kg every hour to help prevent arrhythmias.
- Metabolic acidosis and compensatory respiratory alkalosis predispose pigs to ventricular fibrillation.
- Anatomy of the larynx and soft palate can cause respiratory distress if an anesthetized pig is not intubated. However, anatomy and laryngospasm make intubation difficult.
- Size and temperament make restraint difficult. Premedication is essential.
- Certain breeds of pig are susceptible to malignant hyperthermia with gas anesthetics.
- Atropine 0.05 mg/kg IM